Glossary

 

Glossary2

 

What the difference between Highlights and Balayage? A Relaxing versus Therapeutic Massage? Read on to find out! Click on any term to toggle/untoggle its entry.


Acrylics are fake nails placed over your natural ones. They can be made to match the shape of the nail, or to extend it. So, when you want longer nails, Acrylics is one way to go (the other is Gels). People also get Acrylics in order to have stronger nails (however, in the long term they actually weaken your natural nail).

To learn more about Acrylics, as well as the difference between them and Gels or Shellac, see our article The difference between Acrylic, Gel and Shellac Nails.

Freehand coloring technique where the colorist paints the color onto hair sections. Creates a more graduated, feathered, varied highlight than with foils. You gain control of highlights for less of the evenness that you would get using foils. Foils also create a stronger possible lift than balayage. Balayage, then, tends to create a more natural, blended effect.

Application + processing length and pricing vary per stylist. Application + processing length must be changed manually.

Trim of the bang/fringe only. If you are looking for “just a trim,” this is usually actually a Haircut 🙂

A Bang Trim is done in-between haircuts, not as a standalone service. A bang trim is complementary for regular clients.

Chemical treatment used to make the hair lighter in color. The extent of color removal can be natural (going from black to red, for example) or artificial (going from brown to platinum blonde).

     Bleach Roots — appointment to do the roots only.

     Bleach Full — A more involved process. Bleach involves a removal color. This isn’t just when going from dark to platinum blonde. It can also be when going from Black to Red, for example.

*Because the length of a Bleach Full service can vary dramatically based on what you desire, beginning with a complimentary consultation is strongly recommended.

An appointment where the hair is washed, dried and styled.

A BD is distinct from a Formal Updo or an Event Styling.


There are two types of color correction
     1. When we are fixing a color service done by another provider that for whatever reason you are not satisfied with.

     2. When a client with already colored hair wants to change the current color to another color — which tends to be more involved than maintaining a color or doing a first time color.

Examples of Color Correction :
      Colored hair which needs to go lighter
      You have to go through bleach
      It takes multiple steps (not counting highlight + color
      You have to even out 3 or more color on the same strands
      Filler (going more than 3 levels from light to darker, where we need to do a double color)

Pricing is hourly based.

A consultation is always recommended to determine the appropriate time and cost of the appointment, which can vary quite greatly.

Note that adding color to virgin hair is not a color correction! The steps are different.

The biggest challenge of a color correction is that we are performing a chemical treatment on already chemically treated hair. Therefore we need to carefully assess how much chemical treatment the hair can still take.

Unsure what service(s) or style you want? Do you have specific concerns? We recommend that you schedule a 15 min complimentary consultation with our service providers. This will give us the opportunity to reflect on your needs and plan for the best outcome.

Creative colors typically involve drastic or unique changes in colors such as adding pastels. Creative colors are booked by the hour and require a consultation beforehand.

Used to add volume and length by bonding real hair to your hair. This service can last between 2 and 4 hours. In addition, it usually requires us to order hair specially for the client. Because of this, a consultation is required before the date of the appointment.

We only use real human hair.

Blowdry offered after a color or chemical treatment. A finish includes rinsing out the color, drying the hair, and providing at least minimal styling. Unlike many salons, Atelier Emmanuel does not charge for this service. Note that Finishes are often done by our trained Apprentices.

(note that we also include lowlights under this service)

Using the technique of foiling to apply color to specific sections of hair in order to lighten or darken it. Various effects can be achieved depending on the amount of foils used and the placement chosen by the colorist.

Foiling isolates the color to exactly those sections that we wish to color, just as with Balayage. However foiling also adds an element of heat which allows a higher level of lift. Also, the result with foiling will be more even whereas with Balayage the roots tend to be lighter, compared to the ends.

Highlight is an ideal way to customize your hair color with precision, for a very tailored look.

A HL appointment is broken into 3 segments: Application, Processing, Finish/Haircut. Application time and pricing varies per stylist.

     Partial Highlight (PHL): HL applied to the borders and top of the head.

     Full Highlight (FHL): HL to the entire head.

Note that a HL touchup is booked as a normal service.

Combines a Single Process Color for overall effect by changing the base color, and/or covering the roots, and then highlights to add accent color. Based on the colors chosen, the amount of foils used and their placement, subtle or striking changes can be accomplished to the client’s look.

     Partial Highlight + Color (PHL + C): HL applied to the borders and top of the head.

     Full Highlight + Color (FHL + C): HL to the entire head.

Application time and pricing varies per stylist.

Note that stylists often add a few highlights when doing a Single Process Color to personalize the result. This is not the same as a Highlight + Color. A highlight + color involves numerous highlights (10 or more foils). Less than 10 foils, used to personalize the result, is usually offered at no charge or as an add-on (~$28).

Gels are brushed onto your nails in three steps : a base coat, polish color and top coat. Each coat has to be cured (hardened) in an UV light for two to three minutes. Because gel color is not in-demand in our area, at Atelier Emmanuel we instead do a four step process: base coat, clear gel, top coat, and then regular color polish for those who want.

Many people confuse Gels with Shellac. This is because gel is an ingredient in Shellac, so many consumers have mixed up their terminology, asking for a “gel manicure” when what they want is Shellac. So "gel manicure" is sort of a made up name for Shellac. Shellac and Gels are not the same service. The ingredients, procedures and results differ. To get more information on the different types of nails see our article The difference between Acrylic, Gel and Shellac Nails.

A gloss is a color deposit — chemically speaking, the color does not go in the hair, just on the hair. It still bonds to the hair, however (it won’t rub off on your clothing!). A Gloss creates beautiful shine and/or slight color. You can go darker or change tone, but not go lighter.

Note that this uses the same products as a Toner, but with a different application for a different result.

The craft of cutting hair to help express the character and beauty of a person. Atelier Emmanuel values haircuts that are properly structured so that the look grows out well, and is not bound to the use of too much styling products to look good.

Generally all haircuts are booked according to the time set up by the stylist. Price and length of service usually doesn’t vary based on the hair length or type of cut.

Note that “Just a trim” is most always still considered a haircut, unless it's a Bang Trim.

A Kid's Cut is for children 8 years of age or younger.

Whenever you are looking for a big transformation, please let the front desk know, so that we make sure to schedule additional time.

A keratin blowout uses the same product as a keratin treatment, which a slightly different application protocol. Instead of sealing the product with a flatiron, the hair is simply blow dried. This leads to a milder effect: it removes frizz, but won't remove curls.

The service is quicker — 1.5 rather 3 hours — and lasts about 1 month.

See also, Keratin Treatment


A smoothing treatment which reduces up to 95% of frizz and curl, leaving hair smooth and shiny.

is a protein that is the key structural building block for hair, skin and nails. When the outer layer of keratin becomes damaged, the new cells forming underneath are no longer protected. This damage manifests in the form of dry, brittle hair or rough and cracked skin.

The concept behind a Keratin Treatment is to add keratin back to the hair shaft.

The treatment is applied to dry hair, penetrates the hair shaft, restructures the nature of the hair (making it straighter) and coats the cuticle, removing frizz ans making the hair smoother. In a sense, the aesthetic benefit of the treatment is a side perk of the re-infusion of Keratin into the hair shaft.

Once the product is applied and has processed, your hairstylists can either Blowdry your hair or flat iron it. The latter helps close the cuticle and leads to a deeper straightening result.

A Keratin Treatment takes about 2.5h to 3h and its effects usually last for 2 months. It can be scheduled on the same day as colors — usually with the color service first. Keratin is actually even more efficient on already chemically treated hair! This is because the process of applying color makes hair more porous, which then helps it absorb the keratin better.

We use two treatments at Atelier Emmanuel:

     Pure Brazilian
     Keratin Complex by Coppola

Both are low in fumes and formaldehyde free.

Some precautions:
     (1) Unfortunately, Keratin Treatments are not as effective on African American hair.
     (2) A keratin treatment is not a straightening treatment. It can drastically smooth the hair, but not straighten it to the extent that a Relaxer can.
     (3) While we use low fume products, anyone with acute chemical sensitivities should exercise caution with any version of the Keratin Treatment.

See also, Keratin Blowout

There are 10 levels in hair coloring. It is used as a language to speak about the darkness or lightness of hair color. 1 = Black. 10 = platinum blonde. This language is used in speaking about and formulating color services. See also Lift, Undertone.

Removing natural pigment to replace with either nothing or another desired color. Color can lift up to 3 levels, bleach up to 7 levels. High-lift color is another type of color that lifts up to 5 levels.

Please see Highlights

Manscaping offers men an alternative to waxing as a way to manage body hair. Using clippers, our aesthetician shapes and contours body hair to create a cleaner aesthetically pleasing appearance.

See our Manscaping Guide for information on how to book this service.

There are many types of massages available. Each ‘type’ of massage is called a modality. Clients (and massage therapists!) often don’t easily understand the difference between various modalities. On the other hand, an expert massage therapist tailors a massage session to each client’s needs. For these two reasons, at Atelier Emmanuel we break our menu down into 2 simple categories:

Relaxing: A relaxing massage addresses the whole body. The pressure can be light to medium. There might be some focus on key areas of concern. This is what people usually want when they request a Swedish massage.

Therapeutic: A therapeutic massage puts more attention to key areas of concern, with less focus on the whole body. Think of Deep Tissue and Sports Massage. There is usually medium to heavy pressure. However, it is worth noting that while a heavier pressure might feel more satisfying, it does not necessarily mean better results.

Color technique that aims at creating a graduation of color (usually from darker at the roots to lighter at the ends) using the technique of Balayage, where the color is painted on freehand.

See also, Balayage

A perm restructures hair molecules. In essence, a perm is the opposite of a keratin treatment, in that the goal of this service is instead to create curls. Perms create long-lasting or permanent wave patterns in the treated hair.

Depending on hair length, the duration of this service can vary from 1.5h to 2.5h.

A complimentary consultation is strongly recommended before scheduling this service.


All color, perm and bleach services (as well as most chemical services) involve a processing time where the products do their work. In the context of booking, processing time refers to color services where this time does not require constant supervision and the service provider is able to fulfill other services. In contrast, as an example, a relaxer or perm is not booked with a processing time because they require ongoing supervision.

Shellac is the brand name for a new, patent pending nail, product created by Creative Nail Design (CND). It is a hybrid, meaning half nail polish, half gel. Because it is like a polish, it can’t be used to extend your nail. Because it is like a gel, however, it does add strength and durability (One of its main benefit is that it reduces chipping). The product can be applied similarly to nail polish on your natural nails (no sculpting or filing). It is cured through UV lighting, just like Gels. In the long term Shellac is much less damaging to nails than traditional Gels (or Acrylics).

Many people confuse Gels with Shellac. This is because gel is an ingredient in Shellac, so many consumers have mixed up their terminology, asking for a “gel manicure” when what they want is Shellac. So gel manicure is sort of a made up name for Shellac. Shellac and Gels are not the same service. The ingredients, procedures and results differ. You can get more information on the different types of nails in our article The difference between Acrylic, Gel and Shellac Nails.

When lifting colors, certain tones emerge at different levels. For example, at level 8, a yellow tone will emerge. This is another factor which colorist have to account for in formulating a color: What desired tone do you want?

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